For Parents

Pediatric Developmental Milestones

Child Development Chart

The most important time in a child’s life to develop these motor and sensory skills is within the first three years of age. Research has shown that during these years, there are critical periods for children to develop very specific skills, and if those periods pass without development or exposure to those skills, being able to effectively learn later on is much harder.

As your child enters each age bracket, start testing some of these skills and trying to encourage them. For instance, give them a crayon and paper when they’re a year old. Your child will learn these skills much easier if your help teaches them and encourage them. It’s also important for the more advanced development period where they learn complex skills, really socialize them with other children. Many skills in the later parts of development revolve around their interaction with other people; social cues, sharing, playing, talking, etc.

While every child varies in their development, there is definitely a natural progression of development. If you have any questions about your child’s development, please contact Dr. Cardona at Pediatrics of Greater Orlando.

Developmental Checklist

Newborn – 6 Months

  • Begins to imitate sounds
  • Becomes interested in sounds and turn head towards them
  • Creates a tight grasp with fingers, usually able to hold toy with one hand
  • Brings hand to mouth
  • Sit with support

6 – 12 Months

  • Able to bring food or drink to mouth with little assistance
  • Claps hands and wave “bye/hello”
  • Understands requests
  • Can focus on a toy/images for 2 minutes or more
  • Can begin using and understanding a few words

12 – 18 months

  • Makes short sentences
  • Can walk/run without help
  • Walks upstairs with some assistance
  • Can create marks with writing utensil
  • Begins to drink from a cup/eat with a spoon

18 months – 2 years

  • Throw/kick a ball with good balance
  • Name objects with clear speech
  • Can turn multiple pages in a book
  • Feeds self with spoon and fork
  • Jump forward and down

2 years – 3 years

  • Ask and answer questions
  • Ride a tricycle or other toy with wheels
  • Begins to play with imagination (pretend play)
  • Begins to become potty trained
  • Can identify at least 2 body parts
  • Draws vertical line or circle
  • Can remove a screw lid from bottle
  • Walk in a straight line

3 – 4 years

  • Make longer sentences and describe things while understanding basic grammar
  • Can attempt to unbutton, zip, snap, etc.
  • Color mostly in lines
  • Can cut paper fairly evenly
  • Fully potty trained
  • Can follow a series of directions at once
  • Can understanding sharing and taking turns
  • Can hop on one foot

Source: www.nlm.nih.gov